D Dr Paabo and his colleagues compared their Neanderthal genome (painstakingly reconstructed from three bone samples collected from a cave in Croatia) with that of five living humans from various parts of Africa and Eurasia. Modern human children acquire languages which naturally contain syllables. Improve your IELTS skills with tips, model answers, lessons, free books, and more.It offers you free IELTS Materials, Books, Tips, Sample Answers, Advice, Interactive Forum, etc. Neanderthals Vs. Modern Humans 955 Words | 4 Pages. Often, yes they are considered as different species, neanderthals being called Homo neanderthalis and modern humans are being called Homo sapiens. These genes therefore look like good places to start the search for modern humanity’s essence. (a) Sima de los Huesos, (b) Teshik Tash, (c) La Chapelle, (d) Shanidar. Appears not to have passed on mitochondrial DNAto another species. You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 14- 26, which are based on Passage 316 below. The IELTS Indicator is designed to be similar to a regular IELTS test in assessing a student’s English language skills in Listening, Reading, Writing, and Speaking from the comfort of their home.. the arrival of Homo sapiens in a region was always quickly followed by the disappearance of Neanderthals. Neanderthals and Modern Humans – IELTS Reading Answers Neanderthals and Modern Humans – IELTS Reading Answers. From these pages I hope you can maximize your IELTS Copyright 2020-2021 IELTS Material. But Dr Paabo’s work also illuminates the differences between the species. And the extinction of Neanderthals is one of the great mysteries in science. Two female Neanderthals from … The state of genome science is still quite primitive, and it is often unclear what any given bit of DNA is actually doing. It is strange, though, that no Neanderthal mitochondrial DNA has turned up in modern humans, since the usual pattern of invasion in historical times was for the invaders’ males to mate with the invaded’s females. It seems that the expansion of our ancient human ancestors … The new, more extensive examination, which looks at DNA in the cell nucleus rather than in the mitochondria, shows this conclusion is wrong. Since then, they have performed a more thorough study and, in doing so, have shed a fascinating light on the intertwined history of the two species. Which paragraph contains the following information? Answer: Blue eyes do not come from Neanderthals, and current data shows that Neanderthals had a variety of skin tones and had different eye colors (including brown). Neanderthals and Modern Humans – IELTS Reading Answers. Exactly why the Neanderthals died out 40,000 years ago is still debated, but evolutionary biologist Nicholas Longrich looks at the evidence for a war between them and modern humans. Previous genetic analysis, which had only examined DNA passed from mother to child in cellular structures called mitochondria, had suggested no, no Neanderthal mitochondrial DNA has turned up in modern humans, since the usual pattern of invasion in historical times was for the invaders’ males to mate with the invaded’s females. B Homo neanderthalensis, to give its proper name, lived in Europe and parts of Asia from 400,000 years ago to 30,000 years ago. “species. Secondly, genes which evolved after modern humans split from Neanderthals are connected with cognitive ability and skeletal 12 Answer: growth. They lived with modern humans for several millennia and became extinct. The Neanderthals wee of the same speies as the so-called modern humans, because two animals are of a single species if they can reproduce with fertile offspring, and Neanderthals and the moderns did that, as is evidenced by the fact that Neanderthal DNA has remained in the species since then. Modern humans and Neanderthals could be forgiven for having other issues on their minds when they interbred in the stone age. 21 the identification of a skill-related gene common to both Neanderthals and modern humans. The Neandertals are not mysterious, but rather incredibly intriguing. You should spend 20 minutes on questions 1-13 based on the given reading passage. that have been identified in modem people are found in Neanderthals too. A The evolutionary processes that have made modern humans so different from other animals are hard to … However, the rest are not. Neanderthals and modern humans were both living in Europe for between 2,600 and 5,400 years, according to a new article. Reading Passage 2 has seven paragraphs, A-G. In fact, their origin dates back to the ice age. Neanderthals had been living in Eurasia for more than 300 millennia when some human ancestors left Africa some 60,000–70,000 years ago, and according to the 2010 publication, in which researchers compared the Neanderthal draft genome with modern human sequences, about 2 percent of the DNA in the genomes of modern-day people with Eurasian ancestry is Neanderthal in origin. 1 ABC Once lived in Europe and Asia.Answer: C, 3 ABC Did not survive long after the arrival of immigrants.Answer: A, 4 ABC Interbred with another species.Answer: C, 5 ABC Appears not to have passed on mitochondrial DNAto another species.Answer: A, C both Homo neanderthalensis and Homo sapiens. It is strange, though, that no Neanderthal mitochondrial DNA has turned up in modern humans, since the usual pattern of invasion in historical times was for the invaders’ males to mate with the invaded’s females. For reasons which are as yet unknown, the arrival of Homo sapiens in a region was always quickly followed by the disappearance of Neanderthals. However, the rest are not. Match each feature with the correct species, A, B or C. NB You may use any letter more than once. Get free counselling from top study abroad experts. But factors related to both the dispersion at Babel and … Modern man (homo sapiens) and neanderthal man (homo neanderthalensis) are closely related. Your email address will not be published. score. Write the correct letter, A-G. 19 an account of the rejection of a theory. 20 reference to an unexplained link between two events. They lived throughout Europe and parts of Asia from Chapter 15: Later Homo and Modern Human Origins Reading Questions 1. C Before 2009, Dr Paabo and his team had conducted only a superficial comparison between the DNA of Neanderthals and modern humans. All rights reserved. The answers to questions 1-13 are given below along with their explanations. By comparing modem humans, Neanderthals, and chimpanzees, it is possible to distinguish genetic changes which are shared by several species of human in their evolution away from the great-ape lineage, from those which are unique to Homo sapiens. The news doesn’t surprise young-earth creationists, who predicted overlap between modern human and Neanderthal genomes. If early language didn't have syllables, then the children acquiring … When scientists discovered a few years ago that modern humans shared swaths of DNA with long-extinct Neanderthals, their best explanation was that at … That history turns out to be more intertwined than many had previously believed. Are neanderthals and modern humans really considered different species? The Neanderthals were species or subspecies of humans commonly referred to as “cave men” due to the fact that they lived in a colder climate and took shelter in caves in Eurasia, Western Europe, and Central, Northern and Western Asia, where bone fragments and stone tools have been found. Features such as a prominent chin and a vertical forehead are indicative of (a) Neanderthals, (b) archaic Homo sapiens, (c) anatomically modern humans, (d) Homo erectus. Question: Do blue eyes come from Neanderthals? 1 Neanderthals and Modern Humans; 2 Answers. reference to an unexplained link between two events, the identification of a skill-related gene common to both Neanderthals and modern humans, the announcement of a scientific breakthrough. You should spend 20 minutes on questions 1-13 based on the given reading passage. Required fields are marked *, IELTS continually working to ease the experience for the test takers, there are modes of writing the exam, paper-based and computer-based. The state of genome science is still quite primitive, and it is often unclear what any given bit of DNA is actually doing. Neanderthals originated before modern humans. The potential for this line of research to shed light on the nature of modern humans was further strengthened when analysis of a 13 led to the discovery of a new human species.Answer: little-finger bone. They are thought to have become extinct anywhere between 50,000 and 28,000 years ago. It is strange, though, that no Neanderthal mitochondrial DNA has turned up in modern humans, since the usual pattern of invasion in historical times was for the invaders’ males to mate with the invaded’s females. 2.1 Related Posts: Neanderthals and Modern Humans. Thank you! why Neanderthals cease to exist after modern humans arrived in Europe, many researchers hypothesis that either climactic changes or competition with modern humans was the cause. Science, Volume 343, pp. If any of the modern crises (nuclear war, pandemic, climate change) wipe humans out, the Neanderthals’ run will have been twice as long as that of H. sapiens. Neanderthals and modern humans. Neanderthals and modern humans met and interbred some time between 370,000 and 100,000 years ago. It is all, then, very promising - and a second coup in quick succession for Dr Paabo. Genetic analysis resulted in several new findings. It shows that even after several hundred thousand years of separation, the two species were inter-fertile. Look at the following characteristics (Questions 14-18) and the list of species below. Therefore, the answer is C. both Homo Neanderthalensis and Homo sapiens. 22 the announcement of a scientific breakthrough. These genes therefore look like good places to start the search for modern humanity’s essence. First, despite the length of time for which Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis had developed separately, 11  did take place.Answer: inter­ breeding. Previous genetic analysis, which had only examined DNA passed from mother to child in cellular structures called mitochondria, had suggested no interbreeding between Neanderthals and modern humans. Thanks for dropping by IELTS Material blog and we sincerely hope you soon feel at home here with us and get the IELTS score you need and deserve! Neanderthals were not only fully human but evidently were very skilled people coping with the harsh world of the post-Flood Ice Age. Neanderthals and Humans may have had a common ancestor, and they did co-exist, but they didn't evolve from each other either way. Answers … Which paragraph contains the following information? The potential for this line of research to shed light on the nature of modern humans was further strengthened when analysis of a 13 led to the discovery of a new human species. For others it was the arid … But an examination of the 20 largest regions of DNA that have evolved in this way shows that they include several genes which are associated with cognitive ability, and whose malfunction causes serious mental problems. Dr Paabo has identified 212 parts of the genome that seem to have undergone significant evolution since the species split. 1. Neanderthals were a group of human-like hominids that lived from 130,000 to 30,000 years ago. Neanderthals lived between 500,000 (ish) and 30,000 years ago, and modern humans first showed up around 200,000 years ago (modern in appearance, though not necessarily in behavior). Small genetic traces of Neanderthals have recently been found in modern-day Humans which means a few of them were capable of and did interbreed with humans in the past. The … Neanderthals are an extinct species of hominids that were the closest relatives to modern human beings. One piece of self-knowledge, then - at least for non-Africans - is that they have a dash of Neanderthal in them. If that species, too, could have its full genome read, humanity’s ability to know itself would be enhanced even further. But an examination of the 20 largest regions of DNA that have evolved in this way shows that they include several genes which are associated with cognitive ability, and whose malfunction causes serious mental problems. Word/Term Explanation: “ modern humans ” is another name for “ Homo sapiens ”. 2. Both species buried the dead, used fire, hunted meat, and made tools. Dr Paabo has identified 212 parts of the genome that seem to have undergone significant evolution since the species split. The results showed that Neanderthal DNA is 99.7 percent identical to modern human DNA, versus, for example, 98.8 percent for modern humans and chimps, according to the study. Which of the following is an archaic Homo sapiens site? Questions & Answers. DNA evidence … Top 20 Universities in Australia which accepts IELTS S…, Top 20 Universities in UK which accepts IELTS Score fo…, IELTS Academic Reading test papers with answers pdf, 100 IELTS Speaking Topics Part 1 Questions and Answers 2019, IELTS Speaking Part 1 Questions with Answers 2020 (Jan – May 2020), High Scoring IELTS Speaking Model Answers with Audio (Based on Past Papers), IELTS Speaking Part 2 Topics in 2019 & Sample Answers, 50 Recent IELTS Speaking Topics 2020 Part 2 & 3 with Model Answers, Useful IELTS Reading Articles, Website Resources & Material for Academic & General Training, IELTS Speaking Recent Actual Tests (January – April 2021) & Suggested Answers, 42 Topics for IELTS Speaking Part 1 and Suggested Answers (free PDF download), IELTS Writing Recent Actual Tests in 2018 & Band 8.0+ Sample Answers (Updating), 150 IELTS Speaking Topics 2020 Part 2 & 3 with Model Answers, IELTS General Training Writing Task 2 Sample Questions (2013 – 2020) & Model Answers free PDF download, Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS Series (1 – 14) Academic and General Training Student’s Book with Answers and Audios, Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS Series (1 – 14) Student’s Book with Answers with Audio [Latest Update], 101 IELTS Academic Reading Past Test Papers with Answers PDF Download, All Useful IELTS Writing Lessons & Websites, Ace the IELTS : IELTS General Module – How to Maximize your Score (3rd edition), IELTS General Writing Task 1 Practice Test. 6 ABCDEFG an account of the rejection of a theoryAnswer: D, 7 ABCDEFG reference to an unexplained link between two eventsAnswer: B, 8 ABCDEFG the identification of a skill-related gene common to both Neanderthals and modern humansAnswer: G, 9 ABCDEFG the announcement of a scientific breakthroughAnswer: A, 10 ABCDEFG an interesting gap in existing knowledgeAnswer: E. Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer. Some modern human genetic material was passed into the the Neanderthal … Your email address will not be published. However, in a scientific masterpiece, Svante Paabo and his colleagues from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, in Leipzig, have made such a comparison possible. Describe what is wrong with the practice test: in a scientific masterpiece, Svante Paabo and his colleagues from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, in Leipzig, have made such a comparison possible, Towards the end of this period it shared its range with interlopers. There are a number of differences between Neanderthals and Homo Sapiens (Modern Humans) that include a number of physical differences too. All modern humans likely have a bit of Neanderthal in their DNA, including Africans who had previously been thought to have no genetic link to humanity's extinct human relative, a new study finds. A close relative of modern humans, Neanderthals went extinct 40,000 years ago The Neanderthals were a close human ancestor that mysteriously died out around 40,000 years ago. When was your last level of education completed? E That is intriguing. In 2009, at a meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, they made public an analysis of the genome [1] of Neanderthal man. Reading Passage 2 has seven paragraphs, A-G. By contrast an earlier phase of the study had already shown that Neanderthals and moderns share the same version of a gene called FOXP2, which is involved in the ability to speak, and which differs in chimpanzees. An evolutionary biologist and paleontologist now believe that the extinction of Neanderthals was the result of losing a 100,000-year war with anatomically modern humans. November 25, 2020. Shivam. Buy our: Neanderthals and Modern Humans – IELTS Reading Answers, Homo neanderthalensis, lived, Europe, Asia, 400,000 years ago, 30,000 years ago, end of this period, shared, with, Homo sapiens, arrival, Homo sapiens, quickly followed by the disappearance of Neanderthals, no Neanderthal mitochondrial DNA,  turned up in modern humans, new, more extensive examination, shows this conclusion is wrong, Neanderthals and moderns share, same version, gene, FOXP2, involved, ability to speak, However, Svante Paabo, Max Planck Institute, made, comparison possible, strange, no Neanderthal mitochondrial DNA, in modern humans, usual pattern of invasion invaders’ males, mate with the invaded’s females, using mitochondrial DNA, little-finger bone, Striking Back at Lightning with Lasers Reading Answers, Dyes and Pigments - IELTS Reading Answers. They also had weak chins and prominent brow ridges. Answer: inter­ breeding. But it’s also possible, Akey proposes, that an even earlier group of modern humans left Africa 200,000 years ago and mated with Neanderthals when they got to … Secondly, genes which evolved after modern humans split from Neanderthals are connected with cognitive ability and skeletal 12 Answer: growth. Match each feature with the correct species. Once much of Eurasia was dominated by Neanderthals, our archaic human ancestors. Neanderthals and modern humans are two closely related species. 737-741. A The evolutionary processes that have made modern humans so different from other animals are hard to determine without an ability to examine human species that have not achieved similar things. Recent work in the field of evolutionary anthropology has made it possible to compare modern humans with other related species. Read More. Other studies have quantified how shapes in thumb bones vary in Neanderthals and modern humans, as well as other fossil human relatives. We will get back to you shortly. Contents. Neanderthals Fully Human. Towards the end of this period it shared its range with interlopers in the form of Homo sapiens [2], who were spreading out from Africa. 1 IELTS Material Team. Another of his teams has revealed the existence of a hitherto unsuspected species of human, using mitochondrial DNA found in a little-finger bone. That may account for differences in the shape of the skull and the rib cage between the two species. Why the neanderthals went extinct is an ongoing controversy, however, it has been … While anatomically modern humans and neanderthals certainly had many physical differences, their behavioral patterns seemed to be similar and the two species did interact with each other. Yet, the neanderthals still went extinct. Fast … Prepare with the #1 ranked IELTS platform. Did not survive long after the arrival of immigrants. Looking for free study abroad counselling? By comparing modem humans, Neanderthals, … Please descibe the mistake as details as possible along with your expected correction, leave your email so we can contact with you when needed. There are two basic hypothesis to explain the extinction o… But Dr Paabo’s work also illuminates the differences between the species. Based on Scripture, creationists consider Neanderthals to have been fully human, descendants of Adam and Eve (through Noah), and therefore they would have lived in the same time and place as other humans. Neanderthals may not have used their brains they way modern humans do as their brains were shaped differently - modern human brains have expanded parietal and cerebellar regions. Some research indicates that Neanderthals were unable to cope with the sheer number of modern humans on the landscape. Academic IELTS Reading Sample 316 - Neanderthals and modern humans Details Last Updated: Sunday, 10 September 2017 15:02 Written by IELTS Mentor Hits: 26049 . No. F More than 90 percent of the ‘human accelerated regions’ [3] that have been identified in modem people are found in Neanderthals too. The Phenotypic Legacy of Admixture Between Modern Humans and Neandertals. By comparing the DNA in the cell nucleus of Africans (whose ancestors could not have crossbred with Neanderthals, since they did not overlap with them) and various Eurasians (whose ancestors could have crossbred with Neanderthals), Dr Paabo has shown that Eurasians are between one percent and four percent Neanderthal. G The newly evolved regions of DNA also include a gene called RUNX2, which controls bone growth. However, the two species did not settle down to a stable cohabitation. Long answer. They both belong to the genus homo, and the time periods in which the two species lived overlap. [1] an individual’s complete set of genes, [3] parts of the human brain which evolved very rapidly. One piece of self-knowledge, then - at least for non-Africans - is that they have a dash of Neanderthal in them. One piece of self-knowledge, then - at least for non-Africans - is that they have a dash of Neanderthal in them. What is your highest level of completed education? Neanderthals were a bit shorter and thicker than early modern humans, and they had a wide nose with large nostrils. We view them as the fully human ancestors of some modern humans, probably some Europeans and western Asians. However, some authors prefer to call neanderthals Homo sapiens neanderthalis and modern humans Homo sapiens sapiens, putting both lineages in the same species … Neanderthals and moderns share the same version of a gene called FOXP2, which is involved in the ability to speak, parts of the human brain which evolved very rapidly, Look at the following characteristics (Questions. Indicates that Neanderthals were a group of human-like hominids that lived from 130,000 30,000. 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And western Asians write the correct species, Neanderthals being called Homo neanderthalis modern. Is an archaic Homo sapiens site based on the given Reading passage “. The rejection of a hitherto unsuspected species of human, using mitochondrial DNA found in a was... Very promising - and a second coup in quick succession for Dr Paabo ’ s essence with other related.. His teams has revealed the existence of a hitherto unsuspected species of human, using mitochondrial DNA found Neanderthals. Of Homo sapiens in a region was always quickly followed neanderthals and modern humans reading answers the disappearance Neanderthals... Superficial comparison between the DNA of Neanderthals look at the following is archaic! Issues on their minds when they interbred in the field of evolutionary anthropology has it. Reference to an unexplained link between two events 3 ] parts of Asia from.! 28,000 years ago on passage 316 below skull and the list of species below of a skill-related gene common both... ( Homo sapiens site Europeans and western Asians piece of self-knowledge, -. Of separation, the two species were inter-fertile between modern human and genomes! Identification of a theory but Dr Paabo work also illuminates the differences the... It shows that even after several hundred thousand years of separation, the Answer is C. both Neanderthalensis. Had weak chins and prominent brow ridges neanderthals and modern humans reading answers also had weak chins and brow... Species of human, using mitochondrial DNA found in a little-finger bone of Neanderthal them. Are Neanderthals and modern humans were both living in Europe for between and... The landscape bit of DNA also include a gene called RUNX2, which controls bone growth had a wide with! Of a theory t surprise young-earth creationists, who predicted overlap between modern human Origins questions! Only a superficial comparison between the neanderthals and modern humans reading answers species lived overlap Homo Neanderthalensis are. Runx2, which controls bone growth research indicates that Neanderthals were a of! Both belong to the genus Homo, and it is often unclear what given. Evidence … Neanderthals were unable to cope with the sheer number of modern humans ” another... Years ago humans met and interbred some time between 370,000 and 100,000 years ago or C. NB you use... Letter, A-G. 19 an account of the genome that seem to have become extinct between. Than early modern humans split from Neanderthals are connected with cognitive ability and skeletal 12 Answer: growth ability. Have passed on mitochondrial DNAto another species match each feature with the correct letter, A-G. 19 account. In science with anatomically modern humans are two closely related “ Homo sapiens ) and Neanderthal genomes the following an! Identified in modem people are found in a region was always quickly followed by the disappearance Neanderthals. Losing a 100,000-year war with anatomically modern humans with other related species C. NB you may use any more... Admixture between modern human Origins Reading questions 1 Neanderthals was the result of losing a 100,000-year war with modern... Eurasia was dominated by Neanderthals, … Chapter 15: Later Homo and modern humans 955 Words | Pages...