In the end, Nathaniel Bacon tried to end the disharmony and discontent among the plantation farmers. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. It unwittingly encouraged white populism and waged a war against the … Bacon's Rebellion was an armed rebellion in 1676 by Virginia settlers led by young Nathaniel Bacon against the rule of Governor William Berkeley. Bacon's Rebellion 3 Effects Governor Berkeley returned to power. Bacon’s Rebellion also impacted the colonies economically. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. The colony's lightly organized frontier political culture combined with accumulating grievances, especially regarding Indian attacks, to motivate a popular uprising against Berkeley. The rebellion was essentially motivated by the oppression of indentured servants, and as a response to the economic recession. Preview Resource Add a Copy of Resource to my Google Drive Bacon’s rebellion did more harm than good to the American Revolution. William Berkley was governor of Virginia from 1641 to 1652 and from 1600 to 1677. It was led by Nathaniel Bacon against Colonial Governor William Berkeley. There were heavy English losses in the latest series of naval wars with the Dutch and, closer to home, there … The socio-economic dilemma between the poor whites and the gentry-elite in 17 th century Virginia came to a head in Bacon’s rebellion, and was ultimately solved by institutionalized slavery. Bacon’s Rebellion was a revolt led by Nathaniel Bacon in 1676 against the injustices of William Berkeley, the Governor of Virginia. In the 1670s, escalating violence between Native Americans and farmers was occurring in Virginia due to the increasing pressure of land exploration, settlement, and cultivation. Economic problems, such as declining tobacco prices, growing commercial competition from Maryland and the Carolinas, an increasingly restricted English market, and the rising prices from English manufactured goods (mercantilism) caused problems for the Virginians. These factors stirred up … Nathanial Bacon grouped together and angry mob to burn Jamestown and Indian settlements as a protest for the reason that they didn't get any protection from the government. Bacon gained control of the colony but died suddenly. This rebellion was even considered to be a personal vendetta between him and Governor Berkeley. The rebellion was mainly because of the brutal murders of English settlers by the Native American’s and the economic problems of the people living in the backcountry. causes. The division of wealth in this society was the uniting cause of the rebellion and poor whites and poor blacks united together to fight for this cause. During the 1670s, the administration of veteran Virginia governor Sir William Berkeley became unpopular with small farmers and frontiersmen, because of the following reasons: . It was the first test of the newly formed federal government, pitting the military against rebels who refused to pay taxes on their favourite drink — whiskey. On the other hand, Bacon’s rebellion also did some good for different races. ◆ After Governor Berkeley’s refusal to take action against the Native American tribes, Bacon arrived with 500 men and demanded a commission to lead an army against the tribes. causes. ◆ Naval ships from England were sent as reinforcements to aid against the rebellion. Governor William Berkeley's refusal to retaliate against the Native Americans in response to attacks against English colonists was the immediate cause of Bacon's Rebellion. Historical Context:Bacon’s Rebellion in Virginia was the first popular uprising in the American colonies. Bacon’s Rebellion is one of the most studied episodes in American history but analysis of the evidence shows that it was an economic rebellion rather than a spontaneous revolt for freedom from British control. Effects. ◆ Tobacco was produced at low prices and exported to other countries for a profit.◆ Indentured servants who had served their terms had no lands to grow their crops, and yet had to pay high taxes.◆ Frequent attacks on the plantations near the borders by Native Americans.◆ William Berkeley’s refusal to take action against the Native Americans and administer rights to the citizens to defend themselves. Bacon gathered his supporters, marched on Jamestown, and forced Berkeley into giving permission to continue his campaigns against Native Americans. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. The British monarchy invited settlers to domesticate the lands as well as create cash crops. The British monarchy ruled over the colonies, and the citizens were happy with the progress of the lands. The Bacon rebellion was one of a kind because it was the first rebellion witnessed in the American Revolution, because a few years after its end, other rebellions sprung up (such as similar uprisings in Maryland). There is also a change in the theme “culture” because there was now clear racial differences amongst people which made the difference of ethnic cultures more defined. All this and more when you click the magic button! Governor Berkeley returned to power after Nathaniel Bacon died. The rebellion only ended with Bacon’s sudden death from dysentery. Yet as historic as it was, Bacon’s Rebellion was also a petty, bigoted insurrection led by a lazy incompetent against a corrupt governor — and it nearly destroyed the colony of Virginia. 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